Freshly brewed espresso (1-2 shots)
1 cup of whole milk
Sugar (optional, to taste)

Espresso machine or a stovetop espresso maker
Milk frother or steam wand
Coffee grinder
Coffee scale (optional)

Brew the Espresso:

Start by brewing 1-2 shots of espresso. If you don't have an espresso machine, you can use a stovetop espresso maker or a strong cup of coffee as an alternative.
Froth the Milk:

Heat the milk in a saucepan or using the steam wand of your espresso machine until it's warm but not boiling. If you have a milk frother, use it to froth the milk until it has a creamy, velvety texture.
Ratio Matters:

A classic cappuccino has equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and frothed milk. Adjust the quantity based on your preferences, but a standard ratio is 1/3 espresso, 1/3 steamed milk, and 1/3 frothed milk.
Assemble Your Cappuccino:

Pour the brewed espresso into your favorite cup.
Add the steamed milk over the espresso, holding back the froth with a spoon to maintain the ratio.
Spoon the frothed milk on top.
Optional: Garnish and Sweeten:

If desired, sprinkle a bit of cocoa powder or cinnamon on top of the froth for a decorative touch.
Add sugar to taste if you prefer a sweeter cappuccino.

Sip and savor your homemade cappuccino immediately while it's fresh and frothy.